Immigrate to Canada

EXPRESS ENTRY

EXPRESS ENTRY

Express Entry System is an online file management system used by the Canadian Government for anyone who is applying for permanent residency under one of those four immigration programs:

 

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Provincial Nominee Program

 

Express Entry applicants must meet the criteria of the actual Immigration Program. If an applicant does not meet the criteria of one of these four immigration programs, then they cannot apply through the Express Entry System.

 

Once an applicant submits an application via Express Entry they are placed in a pool of all the other candidates. Each applicant is assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score out of 1200 points. The CRS Points score calculation is not a visa points calculation. CRS Points are specific to Express Entry. 

 

Download this helpful guide to Calculate your CRS Score

 

Once a Visa applicant in the express entry pool, and assigned a comprehensive ranking system score, the government they are eligible to be included in the fortnightly selection process, called a draw. Draws only select applicants based on CRS score.

 

If you are selected by Express Entry you then get what’s called an invitation to apply.

When an applicant received an invitation to apply they can submit an application for Permanent Residency.

Express Entry Criteria for 2024

 
  • Have an occupation in demand
  • Be eligible for the FSWP, FSTP, PNP or CEC Visa
  • Be proficient in English or French
  • Have an Educational Credential Assessment
  • Agree to the terms of Express Entry
  • Submit an Application

Requirements for Express Entry applicants

OCCUPATION

APPLICANTS MUST HAVE AN ELIGIBLE PROFESSION OR TRADE FROM THE NATIONAL OCCUPATION CODE LIST AND BE IN DEMAND IN CANADA

LANGUAGE

APPLICANTS MUST DEMONSTRATE A PROFICIENT LEVEL OF ENGLISH OR FRENCH LANGUAGE ABILITY BY TAKING AN ACCEPTED ENGLISH LANGUAGE TESTS E.G IELTS

AGE LIMIT

THERE IS NO AGE LIMIT TO MAKE AN EXPRESS ENTRY APPLICATION BUT YOU MUST BE ELIGIBLE FOR ONE OF THE FOUR MAIN CANADA VISA PROGRAMS

JOB OFFER

APPLICANTS WITH A FORMAL JOB OFFER FROM A CANADIAN EMPLOYER WILL RECEIVE A POINTS BOOST ON EXPRESS ENTRY WHICH WILL DRAMATICALLY HELP THEIR APPLICATION

WITHOUT JOB OFFER

IT IS NOT A REQUIREMENT OF EXPRESS ENTRY TO HAVE A JOB OFFER BEFORE YOU LODGE AN EXPRESS ENTRY APPLICATION. JOB OFFERS CAN BE SECURED AT ANY TIME DURING THE PROCESS

POINTS SCORE

FSWP APPLICANTS MUST STILL SCORE 67 POINTS OUT OF 100 ON THE FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM TO BE ELIGIBLE TO APPLY VIA THE EXPRESS ENTRY SYSTEM

  • Your English or/and French language test results document. You will need this for your partner too if they are moving to Canada with you at this point.

 

  • Your ECA (Education Credential Assessment, as well as for your partner if you will be claiming for their education level.

 

  • You will need the personal details of all your immediate family members (partner and children) including their current passport information, their place of birth, if they will be accompanying you to Canada and all general personal information.

 

  • You will be asked which province you would like to move to, simply choose a province you are interested in. This will not impact offers you gain from other provinces. It will not prevent you from moving to any province. It is just a preference guide, so choose one and know it is not limiting you in any way.

 

  • You will need to know the amount of available funds you will need to qualify according to the number of people on your application. You will need to ensure you put an amount of available funds which is larger than the minimum required.

 

  • You will need to know the dates of your study or work in Canada if you have lived, studied or worked in Canada before.

 

  • If you are a Federal Skilled Trades applicant you will need your trade certificate or registration issued for your trade from a Canadian province, a Governing body, or your Red Seal certificate.

 

  • If you have relatives in Canada, know their relationship to you as you will be asked to submit this. (you won’t be asked their names or details at this stage of the process).

 

  • If you have a job offer you will need these details.

 

  • You will need to know the dates of your employment and employers over the past 10 years. (You don’t need your references at this stage, just the dates and employment information)

You will not need to submit documents when you apply for Express Entry. However, you will need to submit the information listed on the document. Only once you have received an Invitation to Apply (ITA) will you need to submit your actual documents.

 

As there is a deadline of 60 days from when you receive an ITA to the submission of your acceptance (and your full application, including all documents) it is a good idea to get as many in place as you can before you receive an Invitation to Apply.

 

There is no standard list of documents required for Express Entry that applies to everyone. Each applicant is unique and could require a different set of documents to support their case.

The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is the test administered by the British Council for Canada Immigration. The IELTS test of English measures the ability of non-native (and native) speakers to communicate in English as it is spoken, written and heard around the world. The IELTS test assesses all four language skills that are important for effective communication: speaking, listening comprehension, reading and writing.

 

To immigrate to Canada via Express Entry (or to join any one or more courses at Canadian universities, colleges or technical institutes) you must pass the IELTS English Test with a minimum score requirement.

 

The IELTS Test is conducted at thousands of centers all over the world. Its official web site gives more details on how to register and where to take the test. The IELTS Canada Immigration conducts two versions of the test: Academic and General Training. If you are planning to immigrate to Canada under Express Entry Program , you should sit for the General version of the IELTS Test.

 

The IELTS Canada Immigration Test is divided into four modules: writing, speaking, reading and listening. Each module is approximately 120 minutes long and contains 45 multiple-choice questions. The total score for each module is 1 – 9 points, with 1 point being the lowest score and 9 points as the highest.

 

  • The Speaking section tests your ability to communicate in an everyday conversation. The examiner will ask you to introduce yourself and talk about your hobbies, interests and plans. He or she will also ask questions related to the topic given in the question paper.
  • The Writing section tests your ability to write a letter, essay or report on a given topic.
  • The Reading section measures your ability to read passages from academic texts and answer multiple-choice questions.
  • The Listening section evaluates your ability to listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, and answer multiple-choice questions.

Your language tests are one of the requirements that must be completed before applying for the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW) under Express Entry. You must have completed your test and received your official results before you can submit your Express Entry profile.

 

If you are going to take the French Language test for Express Entry, there are two testing options to choose from:

 

  • TEF Canada: Test d’évaluation de français
  • TCF Canada: Test de connaissance du français

 

Both tests can be used for applying for Permanent Residency for Canada.

 

TEF

 

There are 4 sections within the TEF Canada exam. It takes 3 hours in total. You will be given a separate score for each exam section.

 

  1. Oral comprehension: 40 minutes – 60 questions
  2. Written comprehension: 60 minutes – 50 questions
  3. Oral expression: 15 minutes – 2 topics to cover
  4. Written Expression: 60 minutes – 2 topics to cover

 

TCF

 

There are 4 sections to this exam as well. The TCF Canada has a total duration of 2 hours 47

 

The TCF Canada is made up of 4 compulsory tests assessing general French language skills:

 

  • Listening comprehension: Collective test
  • Written comprehension
  • Written expression
  • Oral expression

 

Your score on each section of each exam will be compared to a points table which will convert your language test score to a Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) score for each section. This ensures everyone is calibrated in a fair and objective way and that everyone will have access to the same points regardless of the test they took.

  • Secure Provincial Nomination
  • Get an employment offer
  • Add on your education
  • Get more work experience
  • Improve language skils

Canada will give you 5 points towards your Express Entry qualification points score if you have an eligible relative in Canada.

 

Canada sees that your transition into your new life as a landed immigrant in Canada will be easier, smoother and generally successful when you have family to help you. They expect that you will make an easier transition into Canada and for this they award points to help support your application.

 

The relative in Canada must be your:

 

  • Aunt or Uncle
  • Niece or Nephew
  • Grandmother or Grandfather
  • Brother or Sister
  • Half-Brother or Half-Sister

 

The relative can be your spouse’s relative, so long as your spouse is accompanying you to Canada. If your spouse is not accompanying you to Canada their relatives can not be counted.

 

If you are the primary applicant you need to prove you are now divorced, and your former spouse will be removed from the application and your application will proceed as per usual. To prove this you need to provide your divorce certificate.

 

Some countries take a long time to process a divorce. If you don’t have your certificate yet, and your spouse is willing to confirm you are in process for divorce, you can present documents to show your divorce application is in process. The immigration officer has the discretion to process you as a single divorced applicant.

If your former spouse will not cooperate you are going to have to wait until your divorce is processed.

 

So, if you have your divorce certificate or your former spouse will cooperate to have themselves removed from the application then you will be able to process your application, if you don’t have the certificate of divorce yet and your ex-spouse will not cooperate then you will have to wait until you have your divorce certificate.

 

If you have separated it is important you inform Canadian Immigration. Failure to do so is called “misrepresentation” and can get you barred from applying for immigration forever.

When the Canadian Government makes an offer round they issue two pieces of information about the round of invitations.

 

  • the lowest qualifying CRS score to receive the invitation in the round is known as “the cut-off score” and

 

  • a date known as the Tie-Breaking “cut-off date” for people with that cut-off score.

 

The government uses this rule to have a fair system to separate people who share the lowest CRS cut-off score on an invitation round.

 

If two or more candidates in the Express Entry pool earned an equal number of points, and they have both submitted profiles, then the highest-ranked candidate will be awarded an ITA (Invitation to Apply).

 

The Tie break rule was created so that ties could be broken between already qualified applicants. The aim is to identify the applicants better in order to provide a more accurate applicant ranking score. It also allows candidates who may have been missed during processing, or whose qualifications were not properly identified, to be ranked and to be invited for immigration applications.

 

Tie Breaks are not always visible in real time, even when an applicant thinks they meet all the conditions for an ITA. This is because there may be other candidates who have applied before them and potentially earned an equal or higher ranking score.

 

If two applicants have got the same number of points by submitting profiles during a round, then the tie will be broken between these two candidates based on their submission date. If one candidate has submitted their profile earlier than another candidate’s, then that candidate would proceed to receive an ITA while the other would lose their place in queue.