Immigrate to Canada

FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM

WHAT IS THE FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM?

Individuals with Professional Occupations are in high demand in Canada and have their own Canada Visa class; the Federal Worker Program (FSWP). The FSWP is a Permanent Residence Visa for Canada that can lead to Citizenship for you and your family. The Federal Skilled Worker Program is administered by the Express Entry Application System.

 

The Federal Skilled Worker Program is responsible for most of the immigrants that come to Canada through the Express Entry system. FSWP Visa holders are allowed to live and work in Canada, access free healthcare, education, Government services and can convert their Permanent Residence status to Canadian Citizenship after spending 1,095 days in Canada.

Federal Skilled Worker Program Criteria

 
  • Be a qualified Professional
  • Have a minimum one years full-time work experience during the past ten years
  • Be proficient in English or French
  • Have an Educational Credential Assessment
  • Score 67 out of 100 points
  • Submit an Express Entry Application
  • Pay the Visa Fees
  • Pass Health and Background Checks

Requirements for FSWP applicants

OCCUPATION

APPLICANTS MUST NOMINATE AN ELIGIBLE PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATION FROM THE TEER 0, TEER 1 OR TEER 2 NOC OCCUPATION LIST

LANGUAGE

APPLICANTS MUST DEMONSTRATE A PROFICIENT LEVEL OF ENGLISH OR FRENCH LANGUAGE ABILITY BY TAKING AN ACCEPTED ENGLISH LANGUAGE TESTS E.G IELTS

AGE LIMIT

THE FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES PROGRAM IS A POINTS BASED SYSTEM. APPLICANTS OVER THE AGE OF 47 SCORE ZERO POINTS FOR AGE

JOB OFFER

APPLICANTS WITH A FORMAL JOB OFFER FROM A CANADIAN EMPLOYER FOR WHICH THEY ARE QUALIFIED WILL TYPICALLY RECEIVE THEIR FEDERAL SKILLED WORK PROGRAM VISA

WITHOUT JOB OFFER

FSWP APPLICANTS ARE NOT REQUIRED TO HAVE A FORMAL JOB OFFER. FOR LICENSED OR REGULATED OCCUPATIONS A CANADIAN LICENSE WILL HELP THE APPLICATION

POINTS SCORE

FSWP APPLICANTS MUST SCORE 67 POINTS OUT OF 100 ON THE FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM. THIS IS IN ADDITION TO REQUIRING CRS POINTS FOR EXPRESS ENTRY

To be eligible for the FSWP, you need to take an approved language test to prove that you are proficient in English or French to a level equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 7.

 

You need to achieve this score across all the tested abilities – reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Language test scores are valid for 2 years and have to still be valid when you apply for Permanent Residence.

Relevant work experience needs to be in an occupation categorized under National Occupational Classification (NOC) TEER Level 0, 1 or 2 and must be gained within the last 10 years.

 

Work experience must be continuous, full-time paid work (30 hours a week for 12 months – 1,560 hours in total) or an equivalent. Any hours you work over 30 hours per week does not count.

 

Part-time workers also need to meet the 1,560 hours threshold. This could mean taking sticking with one for longer than a year. 

 

Unpaid internships and volunteer work don’t count, neither does work experience gained while studying.

 

The only work experience that counts is paid and continuous employment in the NOC Code an applicant uses for their FSWP application.

Applicants for the Federal Skilled Worker Program are not required to have a formal job offer in Canada and obtaining a job offer does not guarantee a successful application.

 

However, it will increase your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score on the Express Entry System. You can obtain either 50 or 200 additional CRS points if you receive a job offer that is eligible under Express Entry.

The 67 points required to make you eligible for the Federal Skilled Worker Program are different from the CRS score you’re given when you make an Express Entry profile.

 

Scoring at 67 points signals that you meet the requirements for the FSWP once you receive an Invitation to Apply via the Express Entry System.

 

FSWP points are calculated from 6 main factors:

 

  • Age

 

You need to be at least 18 years old to apply for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. However, as long as you are between 18 and 35 years of age, you get the maximum 12 points for age.

 

For every year over 35, you lose 1 point, meaning that from the age of 47 years, you get 0 points for your age.

 

  • Education level

 

For your educational qualifications, you can score a maximum 25 points with a PhD.

 

  • If you have a professional or master’s degree you get 23 points

 

  • If you have at least 2 postgraduate credentials or certifications, you get 22 points

 

  • If you have a post-secondary credential that took at least 3 years to finish (ie Bachelor’s degree), you get 21 points

 

  • If you have a post-secondary credential that took 2 years to finish, you get 19 points

 

  • If you have a post-secondary credential that took 1 year to finish, you get 15 points

 

  • If you have a secondary education only, you get 5 points

 

  • Work experience

 

This can give you a maximum of 15 points. To get all these points, you need to have work experience of at least 6 years.

 

If you have work experience spanning between 4 to 5 years, you get 13 points. On the other hand, those with 2 to 3 years of experience get only 11 points. Those who have only one year of experience (the minimum amount eligible) get 9 points. 

 

  • Language proficiency

 

Your language proficiency can give you a maximum of 28 points. And since Canadians speak both English and French, you’ll be awarded more points if you are proficient in both.

 

Proficiency in one official language will gain you a maximum of 24 points and additional proficiency in the second one will give you 4 extra points. To prove your language proficiency, you will have to take any of the below tests:

 

  • IELTS – the general edition of this English test is available internationally and is recognized for immigration purposes

 

  • TEF– this French test is available in test centers across the world

 

  • CELPIP – this English test is only available in Canada and a few other international test centers

 

  • TCF Canada – this French test is available in test centers worldwide

 

  • Arranged employment

 

You can get 10 points under “arranged employment” if you receive a full-time job offer from a Canadian employer and:

 

  • Adaptability

 

You can score up to 10 points for proving that you and your family can easily become socially and financially well-adjusted in Canada. Situations that can earn you points are:

 

  • At least one year of experience in a skilled occupation in Canada: 10 points

 

  • Previous research or study in Canada: 5 points

 

  • Having a spouse with a CLB score of 4 or higher: 5 points
  • Having a spouse who has studied or worked in Canada: 5 points
  • Having any relatives living in Canada: 5 points

Before Canada can decide who their best immigration candidates are, they need to compare the applicants fairly.  For this reason, Canada assesses each applicant’s educational credentials to:

 

  • authenticate the applicant’s foreign education credential

 

  • determine what the equivalent credential would be if compared to Canadian credentials

 

Once this is done, Canada can issue points within their immigration system for education credentials in a clear and fair way.

 

An Educational Credential Assessment is a report that states Canada has deemed your educational credentials valid, and the report will determine its level as comparable to a Canadian qualification.

 

If you gained your qualification in Canada then you do not require an ECA.

 

The Canadian Government has Authorized a number of Organizations to conduct the Educational Credential Assessments.  The Authorized organizations are listed below.

 

Each organization follows the same process, so you are able to choose which you prefer.

 

 

If you have credentials specifically in Medical or Pharmacy then you will be assessed by the designated professional body for your discipline which are:

 

 

You are required to provide your personal details and a scan of your passport, your credential information (which course you studied, the dates you took your course from and until) and the name of the educational institution.

 

You must provide documentation to support your claims, including your academic transcripts and your degree certificate. If you attended an institution that the ECA has created a private link with, you may only need your results transcript, and that can be done by your Educational Institution via their directly online portal with the ECA.

 

Over 7,000 Colleges and Universities have a direct link with the ECA providers. Institutions without this relationship will have to provide the transcript of your studies by post and then you will need to upload a copy of your graduation certificate. To reduce fraud, certain documents are only accepted if sent directly from the Education Institution to the ECA authority.

 

  • If you send the ECA a copy of your transcript yourself, it will not be accepted.

 

  • If the envelope they receive is not sealed and signed or stamped by the University across the flap, it will not be accepted.

 

The ECA will give you a document you can download and complete to help your Educational Institution to know what is required and it includes all the information needed. This document should be included in the envelope with your transcript when it is sent to the ECA, so they know which applicant the document is associated with.

 

Other ECA Requirements:

 

  • Documents must be provided in English or French. If they are in another language they will need to be translated by a certified translator and stamped. Both a copy of the original and the translation need to be provided.

 

  • If you have changed your name since you received your credentials, or the name on your credentials differs from your passport, you will need to provide your change of name documentation.

 

If your University is on the linked online system, ECA’s can be provided within 10 days after they receive the documents.

 

If your University needs to post your transcripts, this will take longer. It can take some weeks to receive by post depending on where the document is coming from. Once received, it will be checked for envelope compliance. The postal process can take up to 2 months from start to finish, however, most are completed in around 30-45 working days.

Many Occupations in Canada are licensed and regulated in the same way as overseas. In many situations you will be expected to convert your International Licensing from your home country to the Canadian Equivalent.

 

This means that for all Licensed, Regulated and Chartered Professions you are required to hold the same status in Canada.

 

You will still be required to complete an Educational Credential Assessment, and after the ECA, go through the Professional Licensing process. For example, Nurses must be assessed by the National Nursing Assessment Service (NNAS) and Accountants must become a member of CPA Australia.

Express Entry is an online file management system used by the Canadian Government for anyone who is applying for Permanent Residency under the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Once you submit an Express Entry application, you are placed in the Express Entry pool and assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System score.

 

This score is out of 1200 points and the Canadian Government use this CRS score to select applicants for Permanent Residency via the FSWP Visa pathway.

The Federal Skilled Worker Program process takes around 9-14 months from start to finish.

 

Once your Visa is granted you have up 12 months to activate your visa which is done the first time you pass through Canadian Immigration. You can then return home or live outside Canada for up to 3 years although most applicants want to move their life as soon as possible.

The FSWP is a Permanent Residence Canada Visa. You and your immediate family can:

 

  • Live and work in Canada
  • Access Healthcare
  • Access Free Education
  • Enter and leave Canada whenever you choose
  • Start a Business
  • Sponsor other Family members
  • Get Canadian Citizenship