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Living in Canada

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Living in Canada
Ontario

Ontario is Canada’s most populous province, by a long shot. It is also home to the federal capital of Ottawa and the unofficial financial capital of Toronto. The majority of Ontario residents live in the southern part of the province near Toronto, along with Ottawa, Niagara Falls, and Niagara-on-the-Lake.

Quebec

Quebec is the second most populous Canadian province, known primarily for its French-speaking population, culture, and heritage. It is also the country’s largest province by land area. Most residents live along and near the St. Lawrence River, especially in and between Montreal and Quebec City, the two major cities.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia is known for Celtic culture, the Fortress of Louisbourg, a National Historic Site, and the location of a partial reconstruction of an 18th-century French fortress, and seafood like fresh lobster dinners. Those coming for the natural beauty will appreciate the vast coastline, home to puffins and seals, and the Annapolis Valley wine country, located on the western part of the peninsula.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick is one of Canada’s three Maritime provinces, which form a tiny water-bound cluster on the east coast, just below Quebec and bordering the state of Maine in the U.S. The major cities are Fredericton (provincial capital), Moncton, and St. John. New Brunswick’s appeal is due to the Bay of Fundy, Appalachian Range, scenic coastline, and numerous lighthouses.

Manitoba

Manitoba is the most easterly prairie province and longitudinal center of Canada. Like Saskatchewan, a majority of the population lives in the southern region. Manitoba’s north comprises Canadian Shield rock and arctic tundra and is largely uninhabited. For more than 6,000 years, the province has been home to Aboriginal and Métis people, who continue to exert a tremendous cultural influence.

British Columbia

British Columbia is the country’s most western province. Bordered by the Pacific Ocean, B.C., as it is more commonly known, has some of the most temperate locations in the country. With coastal islands and a mountainous interior, B.C.’s diverse geography draws adventure seekers worldwide, including skiers, kayakers, and mountain bikers.

Prince Edward Island

The last of the three Maritime provinces, Prince Edward Island, comprises several islands (232 to be exact, including the main island), the largest having the same name. It is the smallest province in Canada, measured by land size and population. Its principal city is Charlottetown (provincial capital), and P.E.I. (as it is referred to) is best known for the novel Anne of Green Gables, which takes place there and the delicious mussels found in the surrounding waters.

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is the central prairie province, landlocked between the other two, Alberta and Manitoba. Most of Saskatchewan’s population lives in the southern half of the region, especially in Saskatoon and Regina. The province’s primary industry is agriculture, followed by mining, oil, and natural gas production.

Alberta

Alberta is one of Canada’s three prairie provinces. It shares the Canadian Rocky Mountain range with its western B.C. neighbor and is famous as a ski and hiking destination. Alberta is the primary supply and service hub for Canada’s crude oil industry, Athabasca oil sands, and other northern resource industries.

Newfoundland and Labrador

The most easterly province in Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador sits on the Atlantic and comprises Newfoundland and mainland Labrador (hence the name). Over 90 percent of the population lives in Newfoundland and the surrounding islands. Its principal city is St. John’s (provincial capital), and the province is best known for the friendliness of the residents, Gros Morne National Park (known for soaring glacial fjords), icebergs, and whale watching.